Here are six benefits of vermicomposting you should know:
It is all organic, folks!
The primary advantage of vermicomposting is that it is purely organic—after all, it is all earthworms’ waste and no chemicals.
A compost so made does not need any addition to trigger its functionality, and hence, it is cost-effective as well.
Microorganisms are important
The compost is produced by earthworms and contains microbes and bacteria in rich quantity. These microorganisms help in the development of plant’s resistance against diseases and act as a repellent against plant pests.
The presence of microorganisms may make the area more attractive to birds which also engage in the removal of plant pests.
Nutrition is plenty
Vermicomposting is absolutely natural and directly benefits the plants in many ways. One of its many benefits includes the provision of nutrients.
The roots of the plants can easily absorb the earthworm compost, and, unlike chemical fertilizers, the worm mucus in the vermicompost prevents easy flushing from the soil. Thus, the plants can retain nutrients longer and grow stronger and healthier.
Talking about health, vermicomposting is an effective way to ensure healthier plants.
With the use of vermicompost, the dependency on pesticides gets reduced, and this reduction helps in the better recovery rate of the soil.
Chemical fertilizers, on the other side, accentuate plant growth, but at a fatal cost. Their continued usage can reduce the resistance of plants against diseases. Plus, they are expensive and add to the financial burden of farmers.
Slow release of nutrients
Nutrients are fundamental to plant growth, and therefore, strong retention capability is required.
The problem with chemical fertilizers and pesticides is that they weaken the nutrient retention capacity of plants, and this causes an easy release in case of a washout. The chemicals seep into the soil and enter the aquifers causing contamination of water.
Vermicompost may be relatively low in nutrient content, but it does not easily get washed out. The plants can retain the nutrients for longer periods and water bodies do not get contaminated.
As stated earlier, chemical fertilizers and pesticides dramatically weaken the internal mechanism of plants. One of the areas where their effect can be felt is water retention.
Vermicompost is essentially a colloid and can hold water up to 9 times its own weight. This can be a great deal of help when the climate has been dry for a long time.
The evaporation of water is slow because the water is held up at an organic grade, and therefore, it can be sufficiently utilized by the plants.